Diseases > Osteoarthritis | OA
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Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis. It happens when a joint’s cartilage begins to break down. If you translate the name it makes sense: osteo refers to bone, arthr means the joint, and itis means inflammation. Putting it all together, osteoarthritis means inflammation of the joints that can result in delicate bones rubbing against each other. This causes pain, stiffness, and swelling of the joints.
There are about 100 different types of arthritis. OA is a degenerative form of arthritis. In other words, OA is caused by wear and tear of the joints. That’s why more people develop OA as they get older.
Treatments for OA
Most medications for OA are geared towards pain control. Unfortunately, there are no medications available that have been shown to alter the progression of the disease. That means that once a joint is damaged, no medicine is able to undo or repair the damage. However, medications can help make living with OA much more comfortable and help to improve function and mobility.
Possible treatments for OA include analgesics and opioids (pain killers), NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) to reduce inflammation, corticosteroid injections, and even surgery for severe cases.