This versatile plant comes in more than 250 perennial and annual varieties that range from vivid trailing plants with copious blooms and plants in hanging baskets to six-foot tall cottage garden accent plants. Plant in full sun to partial shade in average medium to wet soils and pinch the tops to encourage branching and a bushier growth habit. The deep blue-violet flower spikes are a highlight of the midsummer meadow, and remain blooming for up to 2 months. Verbena hastata f. rosea (Pink-Flowered Blue Vervain) is a tall, upright, clump-forming perennial adorned with spikes of small clear pink flowers borne on tall, branched, candelabra-like stems. Growing Verbena Plants. Pollinators love them, and the blooms are long lived. Also, large doses can … The majority of the species are native to the Americas and Asia. Long and short-tongued bees collect the nectar and sometimes the pollen. Grow Verbena bonariensis in moist but well-drained soil in full sun. Features candelabra-like inflorescences of erect, slender, pencil-like spikes (2-6" long) of tiny, tubular, 5-lobed, densely-packed, purplish-blue flowers (1/8" wide) which appear over a long July-September bloom period. The plant forms clumps of stiff upright stems with lanced-shaped leaves with toothed margins. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Cottontail rabbits eat the foliage, however, most mammals avoid its bitter taste. May self-seed in gardens in optimum growing conditions. The parts that grow above ground are used to make medicine. They have a long history of use as a medicinal remedy, as well as being dried for herbal tea. Verbena hastata 'Rosea' (Verbena) A great plant for adding upright accent to a border, and it flowers for ages. Lance-shaped, sharply toothed, green leaves (to 6" long).Genus name comes from a Latin name used for some plants in religious ceremonies and also in medicine.Specific epithet means spear-shaped. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY Panicles appear candelabra-like with pencil-thin flower spikes. It can grow in disturbed sites and is commonly found in moist meadows, thickets, pastures, riversides, marshes, ditches, and river-bottom prairies. Commonly known as vervain or simpler’s joy. Blooming from early summer to fall, the blossoms open from the bottom upwards for a long-lasting display. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, The calyx persists and encloses 4 oblong, reddish-brown, triangular-convex ânutlets.â. It is a rough, clump-forming perennial with a stiff, upright habit which typically grows 2-4' tall (less frequently to 6… To collect verbena seeds, allow a few of your plant’s flowers to die off naturally on the stem. Blooms open bottom to top with only a few open at one time in mid to late summer. N.C. Verbena hastata. Canada: NB , NS , ON , QC. Verbena hastata, commonly called blue vervain, is a Missouri native perennial which commonly occurs in wet meadows, wet river bottomlands, stream banks, slough peripheries, fields and waste areas throughout the State except for the Ozark region where it is uncommon (Steyermark). Bumblebees are among the important pollinators. Plant database entry for Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata) with 30 images, 2 comments, and 45 data details. Leave dead stalks to provide winter interest and mulch annually with well-rotted manure or compost. It can be recognized by its flowering spikes 4–6.5 mm wide with overlapping, but not crowded, flowers, and corolla tinged with blue. Verbena plants are beautiful additions to any garden. The green to reddish stems are four-angled, often with white appressed hairs. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Blue vervain is a native wildflower that spreads slowly through rhizomes and self-seeding. Individual plants are biennial, but … Stems are square and green or red with white appressed hairs. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The purple flowers occur in a candelabra-shaped panicle and are a high-value nectar plant with a long bloom season. Blue vervain (Verbena hastata) plants have been valued for generations as hardy, ornamental butterfly attractions. Verbena can be propagated both by cuttings and by seed. Seeds: Flowers will turn into brown nutlets. Plant in full sun to partial shade in average medium to wet soils and pinch the tops to encourage branching and a bushier growth habit. Verbenas originated in South and North America and … Gardeners looking for a flowering annual with a long blooming time and an ability to attract butterflies should consider the reliable verbena. They often do well in wet conditions as well, as I’ve often encountered them growing at the edge of ponds. The blue vervain ( V. hastata ) reaches a height of 1.5 metres (5 feet) and produces spikes of blue to purple flowers. Externally, it has been applied to wounds, ulcers and acne. swamp verbena. A hardy variety that has a variety of beautiful colours that will add depth and texture to the garden border or plant in patio containers for garden will less space. In NC it is found in only a few counties of the coastal, Piedmont and mountain areas. Warning: blue vervain can interfere with blood pressure medication and hormone therapy. form a strategic partnership called N.C. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. Showy, 6-inch panicles of purplish-blue flowers. Do not eat any part of this plant if this applies to you! When to Cut: As desired—florets open a few at a time Fun Fact The genus name Verbena is from a Latin name for plants … [ … Verbena hastata. The purple flowers appear in summer. Blue vervain is a native, perennial wildflower that grows from 2 to 5 feet tall. Use this plant in moist sites as around ponds, bogs or water and rain gardens. Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata) Description: This is a slender, but erect, herbaceous perennial plant that is up to 5' tall. Borders, meadows, prairies, native plant gardens or informal/naturalized areas. Verbena hastata. Verbena is a group of half-hardy to hardy herbaceous perennials, sometimes short-lived but very floriferous over several months. The numerous crowning spikes of blossoms give a candelabra-like appearance to this graceful plant. If you want to be sure you get a genetic copy of the parent plant, you should grow from cuttings, as verbena seeds don’t always grow true to type. Can be short-lived. Anti-Anxiety Relaxant. Larval host plant for verbena moth and the common buckeye butterfly. Given the right conditions, plants will self-seed freely, but in colder regions they may need protection from frost. Verbena (/ vərˈbiːnə /, vervain) is a genus in the family Verbenaceae. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Blooms open bottom to top with only a few open at one time in mid to late summer. ‘Snowflurry’ is more upright than other trailing verbenas. It is a herb with opposite, simple leaves which have double-serrate margins, borne on stiffly erect, branching square stems. A great plant for pond's edge where it seeds in between sedges and rushes and cheerfully holds its own. Candelabras of slim spikes with tiny pink flowers are produced on … The purple flowers occur in a candelabra-shaped panicle and are a high-value nectar plant with a long bloom season. The small, tubular, blue-violet flowers bloom from the bottom up in July's heat. blue vervain. Verbena hastata. Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is the type species and native to Europe. Verbena hastata is a short-lived perennial that readily self sows where happy. The toothed, lance shaped leaves progress in pairs up the stem and are about 6 inches long by 1 inch wide. The opposite leaves are up to 6" long and 1" across. While verbena plants require less pruning than other herbs and perennials, they do need some occasional trimming to keep them neat and to encourage new growth. This is a common plant that occurs across North America. Some species formerly called verbenas now form part of the closely related genus Glandularia, which consists mainly of trailing plants with globular inflorescences. It branches occasionally along the upper half of its length. Because there … They love full sun and can thrive in a variety of conditions. Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun. In the wild, it forms colonies with slow-spreading rhizomes and self-seeds. Mainly known for its use as a medicinal herb, blue vervain (Verbena hastata) grows 2 to 6 feet tall and blooms July to September. They bloom bottom to top with only a few open at a time. Up to 6 in long x 1 in wide, toothed, lance-shaped leaves with conspicuous veins that occur in pairs on the stem. CHECK AVAILABILITY. Cardinals, sparrows, and juncos eat the seeds. Verbena hastata (American Blue Vervain) is a tall, upright, clump-forming perennial adorned with spikes of small lavender purple flowers borne on tall, branched, candelabra-like stems. This native plant typically grows about 4’ tall, but I’ve grown them well over 6’ (2m). Verbena is a plant. In addition, the thread-waisted wasp, bee flies, thick-headed flies and golden soldier beetle are also known to all visit blue vervain. Blue Vervain can offer a strong upright accent to any perennial garden or prairie/savanna. Most of the true Verbena species in North America are low-growing, small-flowered, and somewhat weedy plants that are frequently referred to as vervains. 1/4 inch individual blooms have a blue-violet corolla with 5 spreading lobes, a short-tubular calyx with 5 narrow teeth, 4 inserted stamens, and a pistil. Plant Description Plant: Clumps of stiff, squared, hairy green stems with toothed, lance-shaped green leaves up to 6" in length. Verbena hastata is a moisture loving plant that can easily adapt to dryer garden conditions in rich, loamy soil. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). It is a perennial, although some people grow it like an annual because it will not always last as long as you might expect. Blue Vervain Alcohol-FREE Liquid Extract, Organic Blue Vervain (Verbena Hastata) Dried Above-Ground Parts Glycerite Hawaii Pharm Natural Herbal Supplement 2 oz 4.5 out of 5 … FIRST IMPRESSIONS: Verbena hastata is a clumping perennial with stiff erect squarish stems… Research published in 2016 looked at the possible positive effects of vervain … Flowers on each spike bloom bottom to top, only a few at a time. What about purpletop vervain? Typically forms colonies in the wild by both thick, slowly spreading rhizomes and self-seeding. Blue vervain. Verbena plants, known for its brightly colored blossoms and fast growth, are sun-loving and drought tolerant, making them perfect for warmer climates. Verbena hastata, commonly called blue vervain, is a Missouri native perennial which commonly occurs in wet meadows, wet river bottomlands, stream banks, slough peripheries, fields and waste areas throughout the State except for the Ozark region where it is uncommon (Steyermark). It has been used for many years as a medicinal herb for treating convalescents and people suffering from depression, headaches, jaundice, cramps, coughs and fevers. Native to North America. swamp verbena. Other bee pollinators include epoline cuckoo bees, eucerine miner bees, halictid bees, and the verbena bee (a specialist pollinator). Popular in the ancient world for its healing properties and, today, as an essential oil, verbena has long been associated with divinity and the supernatural. Propagating Verbena Plants from Seed. Plants will … It is a rough, clump-forming perennial with a stiff, upright habit which typically grows 2-4' tall (less frequently to 6') on square hairy stems which typically branch above. Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata): This tall native species resembles V. bonariensis, but is much more tolerant of cold and moist soil, and the flowers are more blue-violet in color. Blooming from early summer to fall, the blossoms open from the bottom upwards for a long-lasting display. It is typically found in low woods, wet prairies, wet meadows and along streams. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Verbena hastata (American vervain, blue vervain or swamp verbena) is a flowering plant in the vervain family, Verbenaceae. Its hairy, square stems can be green or red. It will not tolerate standing water but can withstand irregular, seasonal inundation. Verbena hastata Blue Vervain is a moisture-loving plant typically found in moist meadows and along streams. Verbena absolutely must have full sun and well-drained soil, so choose the location carefully. It contains about 250 species of annual and perennial herbaceous or semi-woody flowering plants. Blue Vervain, or Verbena Hastata is a tall perennial herb with spiked purple flowers. Verbena is a great summer plant with long bloom times and a great tolerance to heat. Swamp vervain can, however, interfere with blood pressure medication and hormone therapy, and large doses cause vomiting and diarrhea. It is a very strong plant, covered with white flowers. Verbena hastata × Verbena urticifolia → Verbena ×engelmannii Moldenke is a rare vervain hybrid known from CT, MA, NH, VT. Genus Verbena can be annuals, perennials or sub-shrubs, with toothed or pinnately lobed leaves and small, usually 5-petalled, salver-shaped flowers, typically held in spikes or panicles, in summer or autumn Details V. hastata is an upright, clump-forming perennial with narrow leaves up to 15cm long. The tall thin spikes of Blue Vervain grace the wet meadows of the US in July and August. Prev Next Pause Resume. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The most intense pruning will occur in early spring. A wonderful collection of Verbena hastata that create an abundance of flowers on tall spires with bushy deciduous foliage below.
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