With proper care, however, it can also be trained to take on the form of a small tree. Due to their thin, fibrous roots, bougainvillea plants are very sensitive to mishandling, so extra care needs to be taken when planting them to avoid disturbing their root systems in any way. Bougainvilleas grow best outdoors in warm locations such as zone 9 or higher. The bougainvillea plant can be propagated from seeds, stem cuttings and by layering. To make planting bougainvillea easier, you may consider cutting down the sides of its container with a sharp, clean pair of scissors or garden shears. Add top soil or organic peat moss mixed with composted cow manure to the hole when you plant. The popular Bougainvillea plant derives its name from the paper-thin, brilliantly colored bracts, or scale-like leaves, that form perky geometric frames around the small flowers. Take softwood cuttings from a healthy bougainvillea, dip in rooting hormone and plant in sterile soil, or Perlite and water and allow 2-3 weeks for a good root system to form. Bougainvillea needs sun & heat to thrive & be a blooming machine. Bougainvillea don’t like getting wet feet so avoid overwatering. Caldwell shared another bloom trick: Let the plant dry out until it’s near wilting. The key to success in growing bougainvillea is to grow it in full sun, all day, and keep the soil on the dry side. To make planting bougainvillea easier, you may consider cutting down the sides of its container with a sharp, clean pair of scissors or garden shears. A trick for applying heat is to drape lit, outdoor holiday lights prior to covering with thermal covers. In warm climates, a bougainvillea plant can be grown as a vine or groundcover, in cool areas it's a great container plant. Remove any leaves from the bottom third of the cutting. To plant bougainvillea, there are some required conditions such as relatively dry and hot climate, well-drained and slightly acidic soil, and full sun. plastic sheeting, frost cloths. Bougainvillea is a tropical woody vine that bears colorful, paper-like flowers. Bougainvillea is a relatively hardy plant, able to withstand a range of temperatures, from tropical highs of 80 degrees Fahrenheit and above, all the way down to 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Due to high popularity and intense use in tropical countries, Bougainvillea is called ‘Glory of the Tropics’. It was updated on 8/13/2020. The colorful bracts surround the actual flower, which is usually small and white. Bougainvillea. If the plant isn’t subjected to more frosts, it will regrow. Due to their thin, fibrous roots, bougainvillea plants are very sensitive to mishandling, so extra care needs to be taken when planting them to avoid disturbing their root systems in any way. These plants put on a spectacular show of color in spring on their fresh new growth. A bougainvillea plant is native to the rain forests of Brazil, Peru, and southern Argentina. A lax-stemmed, woody perennial in the South, the bougainvillea is a showy subject in Northern greenhouses and in containers in gardens, and for indoors in a large sunny window. Important: Bougainvillea cuttings need to be misted a couple times a day until misted. Once the first set of bracts shape and drop in the spring, at that time prune the excess growth on the plant. Bougainvillea is best propagated from stem cuttings. How to Plant Bougainvillea. The propagation of bougainvillea from seeds is difficult as compared to growing it from cuttings. Cultivar Selection. These plants are scrambling climbers and may need additional support. Planting a bougainvillea is not that hard, but you will need to take some of the plant’s growing habits into consideration first. First the collection of bougainvillea seeds from flowers itself is difficult. Only two species and one hybrid of Bougainvillea are generally in cultivation in this country and B. glabra and the hybrid B. Another reason to plant your bougainvillea properly – the massive show of color you’ll get. Ensure that you provide the plant with plenty of support to grow and train. Some experts say these species vary between four and eighteen. Keep the bougainvillea cuttings damp. is a tropical plant that naturally assumes a climbing or trailing form, and it does well when allowed to climb up and over a trellis or fence. How to grow bougainvillea from cuttings You can make your own extra bougainvillea plants by taking cuttings in summer or early autumn: Take 15cm-long cuttings from the new shoots with a little bit of the old growth attached. The more the better! The popular Bougainvillea plant derives its name from the paper-thin, brilliantly colored bracts, or scale-like leaves, that form perky geometric frames around the small flowers. The Bougainvillea plant, native to the coasts of Brazil in South America, is an immensely versatile and showy plant that makes our roads, parks and gardens abundantly colorful. The first thing to be aware of is that bougainvillea thrive in full sun, and prefer temperatures of 10 degrees or more at night and up to 38 degrees in the daytime. In Britain it’s grown as a houseplant, typically in sunny, humid conservatories and greenhouses, where conditions mimic those of its native subtropical habitat. Bougainvillea flowering shrubs plants are a climber with stiff curved thorns, bushes, and flower-like spring leaves which are bright green. Photo: Simon Griffiths / bauersyndication.com.au. Bougainvillea is a shrubby vine native to South America. Pruning Bougainvillea Plants. Do not use lights without a cover! Bougainvillea tends to leach out this trace element. I’m sharing care and growing tips for bougainvillea, a plant I have a lot of experience with. Bougainvillea glabra is an evergreen climbing plant with thorny stems, native to South America. There is nothing quite like a bougainvillea in full bloom. How quickly does bougainvillea grow? Cover bougainvillea and the surround soil around the plant with thermal covers made for plants – aka. Trim each branch about 6 or 8 inches from the tip. This is a long video - I have a lot to share with you about how to grow & care for Bougainvillea. Bougainvilleas are tough and drought-resistant plants but at their early stages of growth, they can get damaged by frost or their leaves may fall off. Note: This post was previously published on 5/7/2017. Bougainvillea can grow anywhere from 1′ to 8′ to 30′, depending on the species or variety. Bougainvillea is a sun loving plant that will provide a pretty pop of colour against a back fence or garden shed. Then the propagated bougainvillea plant will not be exact copy of the potted plant. Just like planting a shrub, dig the hole at least 2 times as wide as the rootball. Bougainvillea, with their thorny, woody, tropical vines, produce beautiful clusters of red, pink, orange, white, yellow, purple, and magenta paper-like bracts. It also blooms for most of the year, and so your effort will be there for all to see. Regular bougainvillea care involves trimming after each bloom cycle and then fertilizing to promote new growth and new flowers. That being said, for your bougainvillea to truly thrive indoors, maintain temperatures around 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Excessive water can cause the leaves to drop from the plant. The Bougainvillea is a tropical and vibrant flower that can add a little more color, beauty, and exoticness to your garden. Learn how to plant and care for bougainvillea and discover 8 of the best bougainvilleas to grow in your garden. Bougainvillea, a shrubby-climber is one of the most popular ornamental plants in tropical and sub-tropical gardens. This results in a new set of blooms and the flowering process will become shorter. It is a vine plant that climbs trellises and walls and creates a ‘ living wall ‘ feature in the garden. If the plant is left exposed to the wind, the heat from the light will dry out the plant even further. Once planted and established, a bougainvillea can be an eye-catching wonder. How to plant bougainvillea to grow successfully: First of all, make sure you’re planting it in a sunny, warm location. Place it to this depth into a pot of propagating sand. Frost is a definite no-no! Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spp.) This is grown all over the world mainly for its colorful bracts. Bougainvillea Species. With this in mind, choose a spot against a warm, protected wall where you want to add a BIG splash of color. The variegated bougainvillea is an amazing plant which offers so much and can give that WOW to a landscape and garden design, I have seen the beauty of these garden plants that are so impressive so if you’re interested in the care and the growth of this plant then following this guide will help you to receive the desired results so go for it you will be so happy that you did. Bougainvillea is a heavy feeder but requires a certain fertilizer to grow properly. Firstly, they should be given a good annual pruning in early spring to get the plant back into shape. × buttiana (B. glabra, B.peruviana) are best for containers as they flower when young.. Bougainvillea × buttiana ‘Poulton’s Special’ AGM: magenta-rose bracts [B. How to Plant Bougainvillea. Also, it is necessary to care for your bougainvillea plants by watering it sparingly, pruning at the season’s end, fertilising on a regular basis, and many more. Rest assured, you don't have to let the plant get that big! A Bougainvillea that is getting too much water even by a small margin, apart from now being at risk for Root Rot, can react by staying in its growth cycle for too long, when it should be transitioning to its bloom cycle. Bougainvillea is among the fastest growing plants. Bougainvillea thrives in the heat and is restricted to outdoor growing only in U.S. Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 10 and 11. Where to plant Bougainvillea in the UK. If you’re thinking of planting a bougainvillea in your garden, be sure to allow plenty of room for it to spread and grow. Its long arching branches bear heart-shaped leaves and masses of papery bracts in purple, pink, yellow, white, orange and burgundy colors. Apply a bougainvillea-specific fertilizer -- these typically have iron and other minor nutrients bougainvilleas crave -- at a rate of approximately 1 tablespoon per foot-height of your in-ground bougainvillea regularly throughout the color season. × buttiana ‘Poulton’s Special’ AGM] B. In hanging baskets or containers, as a climbing vine, wall cover, or shaped into a tree, the bougainvillea is a popular favorite visible in nearly every city, town, or rural hamlet across the country. *The only exception to this is newly planted Bougainvillea plants in their establishment process. To keep Bougainvillea plants at their best they need a regular pruning regime. You can't beat it for a big show of color! Bougainvillea plants are tough as nails, which includes their nail-like thorns. A lax-stemmed, woody perennial in the South, the bougainvillea is a showy subject in Northern greenhouses and in containers in gardens, and for indoors in a large sunny window.