Even after your winter decorations are stowed away, this colorful houseplant can be a verdant addition to your houseplant collection—and you may even be able to coax it into blooming again the next fall. To do this, you’ll need a healthy mother plant, clean shears or a knife, rooting hormone powder, a small plant pot, a clear plastic bag, and fresh potting mix or fine sand. At Michigan State University, we use a mix that contains roughly equal parts of peat and perlite to achieve this. All rights reserved. Prevent cuttings from dehydrating. If your plant is not a patent-protected variety, then you can take cuttings to grow new plants. The first step is choosing a fresh, lively specimen, whether you prefer classic red, pastel pink, or creamy white. Giving an Orchid a Haircut November 25, 2020 . After spending much time in Mexico, Poinsett returned to the U.S bringing the beautiful red flowering plant with him. Poinsettias are the best selling potted plant in the United States and Canada. You can get new poinsettia plants either by planting seeds or by rooting a poinsettia cutting. Poinsettia cuttings should be well-rooted in 20-24 days from the date cuttings were stuck. Protecting Poinsettias Through Shipping and Finishing Strong, Lazzeri Poinsettias Now Shipping From Selecta One, Millstadt, Heimos Poinsettia Open House Dates Set, Designing the Most Effective Fungicide Rotation, Culture Report: Lavender Javelin Forte Series, Bower & Branch Teams Up with Costco, Nature Hills Nursery, Gardener’s Supply Co. and Hallmark Flowers, Gloeckner & Co. to Transfer Open Orders to Ball Seed. Harvest uniform cuttings from stock plants that are approximately 2_ inches in length. Once temperatures are above 55 degrees at night in the spring, you can move your poinsettia plant outdoors—first in a shady spot, then slowly acclimating it to full sun. If your poinsettia has a foil wrapper around its pot, remove this before watering and allow the plant to drain fully in the sink before putting it back in the wrapper. Plan to pick up the plant at the end of your trip so that it isn't damaged by cold temperatures in your car while you're still hunting for gifts. These "are short-day plants." Take 8-inch cuttings from the tips of poinsettia stems in the summer, and dip them in rooting hormone such as that available for rose cuttings. It is estimated that women account for 80% of Poinsettia sales. This article contains tips on successful propagation of nonrooted poinsettia cuttings, but some guidelines may need to be adjusted based on each specific growing environment. Poinsettias are as much a part of Christmas as Christmas trees, colorful lights, eggnog and Bing Crosby singing “White Christmas.” More than 34 million plants will make their appearance at just the right time. Using your shears, remove a healthy-looking six-inch cutting from the mother plant. Indigenous to Mexico and Central America, it was described as a new species in 1834. Application of chelated calcium to stock plants improves resistance to physical damage for poinsettia cuttingsCredit: James Faust CLEMSON, SOUTH CAROLINA--Chelated New colour forms of poinsettia are often being introduced. A conservation risk typical for species with wild and cultivated populations is the contamination of the wild gene pool by hybridization with cultivated individuals. After two weeks in propagation, misting should be minimal (every 30-40 minutes from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m.). During the first two weeks of propagation, shade houses so that the maximum light intensity is 200-300 µmol_m-2_s-1 (1,000-1,500 foot-candles). Usually grown indoors, poinsettias survive outdoors all year in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, and you can take cuttings from indoor or outdoor plants. He added that he typically orders the holiday flower in January and plants it in July. Once cuttings are stuck, spray a spreader-sticker (such as CapSil, Aquatrols) on the leaves so that mist covers the leaf surfaces more uniformly. Examples: To produce branched poinsettia for sale starting 15th May (location Spain): 1. Poinsettias are propagated vegetatively from cuttings taken from stock plants. He cultivated, and propagated them in numbers, and gave them to friends and family at Christmas. Use a very porous propagation media that does not stay saturated with water. Cover the cutting with the plastic bag, arranging it so that the leaves aren’t touching the bag. Poinsettias are simple to propagate via stem cuttings. Look for poinsettias with perky, dark green leaves and tight clusters of buds, which indicate that the plant still has plenty of bloom time left. Left, normal rooting of poinsettia. When you first bring home your poinsettia plant, check its soil every couple of days to establish how frequently you’ll need to water. This will create a more humid environment for the cutting. After day five, little or no mist is needed from 9 p.m. to 8 a.m. To do this, you’ll need a healthy mother plant, clean shears or a knife, rooting hormone powder, a small plant pot, a clear plastic bag, and fresh potting mix or fine sand. Begin to increase light intensity and air movement as roots develop. Poinsettias can be one of the most challenging plants to propagate, especially when done during the warm temperatures and high light intensities of summer. The red “petals” we prize are actually leaflike bracts surrounding small, cup-shaped yellow blooms, although the bracts last longer than the tiny flowers. Poinsettias can be propagated by softwood cuttings in May, making sure you wear gloves, as the milky sap can be an irritant. Typically, new introductions are presented at least a couple of years in advance of production. It is possible to propagate poinsettias by stem cuttings. Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) Photo by Paul2032. By Dave Whitinger. Successful propagation of cuttings helps ensure a more uniform finish crop, and rapid propagation reduces the potential for plant pathogen, insect and nutritional problems. Pinch back growth again in early September, this time removing two or three inches of terminal growth from stems. Maintain temperatures at 78-82¡ F during the day and 72-75¡ F at night. Gradually reduce misting frequency after the first week of propagation. Alternately, an easier method is to take woody stem cuttings, about 18 inches, place in rich soil, and keep moist, but not wet, for several weeks. "90% of the poinsettias that we grow are for fundraisers through churches and school," Ellis said. But what happens to that beautiful red-and-green plant when the festivities are over? 75 Applewood Drive, Suite A Poinsettias have become a symbolic plant during the holiday season, their deep green leaves and bright red rosettes adorning tables and windows across the … After the holidays when the flowers have faded, you can keep your poinsettia as a houseplant to enjoy its lush, tropical green leaves. Water as usual until early April, then stop watering and allow the soil to dry out. It is essential to propagate cuttings in a sanitary environment that is devoid of pathogens, insects, algae, free-standing water, weeds, and old plants or plant debris that may host such pests. All about Poinsettias. If the plant stands in water, the roots will rot. New Single Step Liquid Fertilizer November 24, 2020 . You should see new growth after around four weeks, which indicates that the plant is growing new roots. Poinsettias. If water collects there, it can lead to root rot, which will kill your plant. Do not use fertilizers containing phosphorus as a foliar application. After 10 days in propagation, consider applying a plant growth retardant spray either early in the morning or in the evening. If purchasing nonrooted cuttings, unpack and stick cuttings immediately, or place opened boxes overnight in a humid cooler at 50-55¡ F and stick the following morning. Plant the cutting in the hole you made and gently pat the growing medium around it to keep it in place.